Meniul principal :
Nume alternativ: GSD, German Shepherd, Deutscher Schaferhund.
Tara de origine: Germania.
Istoric: Ciobanescul german este un descendent al vechilor caini de ferma si pastorit. O rasa relativ noua, a fost dezvoltata la inceputul secolului al XX-lea pentru pastorit si pentru a fi folosit de catre politie si armata. A fost folosit ca ghid si caine de cautare si salvare, fiind in acelasi timp un caine de companie foarte popular atat in S.U.A. cat si in restul tarilor.
Descriere fizica: Ciobanescul german este un caine mare, musculos, mai mult lung decat inalt. Are urechi ascutite, tinute ridicate; un nas negru si ochi negri migdalati. Gatul este lung si puternic, iar spatele este inclinat dinainte inapoi. Coada este tinuta in jos si este usor curbata in sus. Blana dubla are un puf scurt si des, si blana dreapta de lungime medie, dar poate fi si usor ondulata. Parul este mai lung in zona gatului si a feselor. Blana poate avea mai multe culori, desi unele registre nu accepta cainii albi.
Inaltime: 55 - 65 cm.
Greutate: 27 - 63 kg.
Temperament: Ciobanescul german este un caine increzator in puterile proprii si cu un temperament echilibrat. Este afectuos si jucaus cu prietenii si familia, dar este rezervat cu strainii, desi se obisnuieste repede cu persoanele necunoscute. Este inteligent si poate fi dresat foarte bine. Ciobanescul german se descurca bine cu copiii si cu alte animale.
Nivel de activitate: ridicat.
Cel mai bun stapan: Ciobanescul german se poate adapta la viata la oras, intr-o casa din mediul suburban sau rural. Cel mai bine se descurca cu o familie sau un individ care sa ii poata oferi activitati fizice din plin.
Nevoi speciale: exercitiu, socializare, dresaj.
Posibile probleme de sanatate: volvulus gastric, epilepsie, insuficienta pancreatica exocrina, displazie de sold si de cot, osteomielita.
GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG
TRANSLATION: Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde (SV) E.V. / Original version: (D).
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 11.08.2010.
UTILIZATION: Versatile working, herding and service dog.
Section 1 Sheepdogs.
With working trial.
Brief historical overview:
According to the official documentation of the Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde (SV) e.V. (Society for the German Shepherd Dog, "SV" for short) – legal domicile in Augsburg, Germany, member of the Verband für das Deutsche Hundewesen (VDH, German Kennel Club) – the "SV" as the founding club of the breed is responsible for the breed standard of the German Shepherd Dog. Established in the first General Meeting at Frankfurt/Main on 20 September 1899 according to suggestions by A. Meyer and Max von Stephanitz and in addition to the amendments of the 6 th General Meeting on 28 July 1901, the 23 rd General Meeting at Cologne/Rhineland on 17 September 1909, the Executive Board & Advisory Board Meeting at Wiesbaden on 5 September 1930 and the Breeding Committee & Executive Board Meeting on 25 March 1961, revisions were resolved within the framework of the World Union of German Shepherd Dog Clubs (WUSV) Meeting on 30 August 1976.
Revisions and catalogued measures were resolved with the Enabling Resolution through the Executive Board and Advisory Board from 23/24 March 1991, amended through the Federal Conventions from 25 May 1997 and 31 May/1 June 2008.
The German Shepherd Dog, whose methodical breeding was started in 1899 after the foundation of the society, had been bred from the central German and southern German breeds of the herding dogs existing at that time with the ultimate objective of creating a working dog inclined to high achievements. In order to achieve this objective, the breed standard of the German Shepherd Dog was determined, which relates to the physical constitution as well as the traits and characteristics.
The German Shepherd Dog is medium-
Important dimensional ratios
The height at the withers amounts to 60 cm to 65 cm for male dogs and 55 cm to 60 cm for female dogs. The trunk length exceeds the dimension at the height at the withers by about 10
The German Shepherd Dog must be well-
The head is wedge-
Seen from the front and side, the forehead is only slightly arched and without any or with only a slightly indicated middle furrow.
The ratio from the cranial region to the facial region is 50 % to 50 %. The width of the cranial region more or less corresponds to the length of the cranial region. The cranial region (seen from above) tapers evenly towards the nasal bridge with gradually sloping, not sharply depicted stop in the wedge-
The nasal dorsum is straight, any dip or bulge is undesirable. The lips are taut, close well and are of dark colouring.
The nose must be black.
The teeth must be strong, healthy and complete (42 teeth according to the dental formula). The German Shepherd Dog has a scissor bite, i.e. the incisors must interlock like scissors, whereby the incisors of the upper jaw overlap those of the lower jaw. Occlusal overlay, overbite and retrusive occlusion as well as larger spaces between the teeth (gaps) are faulty. The straight dental ridge of the incisors is also faulty. The jaw bones must be strongly developed so that the teeth can be deeply embedded in the dental ridge.
The eyes are of medium size, almond-
The German Shepherd Dog has erect ears of medium size, which are carried upright and aligned (not drawn-
Tipped ears and drooping ears are faulty. Ears carried rearward when moving or in relaxed position are not faulty.
The neck should be strong, well-
The upper line runs from the base of the neck via the high, long withers and via the straight back towards the slightly sloping croup, without visible interruption. The back is moderately long, firm, strong and well-
The chest should be moderately broad, the lower chest as long and pronounced as possible. The depth of the chest should amount to approx. 45 % to 48 % of the height at the withers.
The ribs should feature a moderate curvature; a barrel-
The tail extends at least to the hock, but not beyond the middle of the hind pastern. It has slightly longer hair on the underside and is carried hanging downward in a gentle curve, whereby in a state of excitement and in motion it is raised and carried higher, but not beyond the horizontal. Operative corrections are forbidden.
The forelimbs are straight when seen from all sides, and absolutely parallel when seen from the front.
Shoulder blade and upper arm are of equal length, and firmly attached to the trunk by means of powerful musculature. The angulation from shoulder blade and upper arm is ideally 90°, but generally up to 110°.
The elbows may not be turned out either while standing or moving, and also not pushed in. The forearms are straight when seen from all sides, and absolutely parallel to each other, dry and firmly muscled. The pastern has a length of approx. 1/3 of the forearm, and has an angle of approx. 20° to 22° to the forearm. A slanted pastern (more than 22°) as well as a steep pastern (less than 20°) impairs the suitability for work, particularly the stamina.
The paws are rounded, well-
The position of hind legs is slightly backwards, whereby the hind limbs are parallel to each other when seen from the rear. Upper leg and lower leg are of approximately the same length and form an angle of approx. 120°; the legs are strong and well-
The hocks are strongly developed and firm; the hind pastern stands vertically under the hock.
The paws are closed, slightly arched; the pads are hard and of dark colour; the nails are strong, arched and also of dark colour.
The German Shepherd Dog is a trotter. The limbs must be coordinated in length and angulations so that the dog can shift the hindquarters towards the trunk without any essential change of the top line and can reach just as far with the forelimbs. Any tendency towards over-
The skin is (loosely) fitting, but without forming any folds.
The German Shepherd Dog is bred in the hair varieties double coat and long and harsh outer coat
The guard hair should be as dense as possible, particularly harsh and close fitting: short on the head, including the inside of the ears, short on the front side of the legs, paws and toes, some-
Long and harsh outer coat:
The guard hair should be long, soft and not close fitting, with tufts on the ears and legs, bushy trousers and bushy tail with downward formation of tuft. Short on the head, including the inside of the ears, on the front side of the legs, on the paws and toes, somewhat longer and more strongly covered in hair on the neck, almost forming a mane. On the back side of the legs the hair extends to the carpal joint or the hock and forms clear trousers on the back side of the haunches.
Colours are black with reddish-
Height at the withers: 60 cm to 65 cm
Weight: 30 kg to 40 kg
Height at the withers: 55 cm to 60 cm
Weight: 22 kg to 32 kg
Male dogs should have two obviously normally developed testicles which are completely in the scrotum.
Any deviation from the aforementioned points should be considered as a fault whose evaluation should be in exact proportion to the degree of deviation.
Deviations from the above-
Faulty ears: ears set too low laterally, tipped ears, inward constricted ears, ears not firm
Considerable pigment deficiencies.
Severely impaired overall stability.
All deviations from scissor bite and dental formula insofar as it does not involve eliminating faults (see the following)
Dogs with weak character and weak nerves which bite
Dogs with proven “severe hip dysplasia”
Monorchid or cryptorchid dogs as well as dogs with clearly dissimilar or atrophied testicles
Dogs with disfiguring ears or tail faults
Dogs with malformations
Dogs with dental faults, with lack of: 1 premolar 3 and another tooth, or 1 canine tooth, or 1 premolar 4, or 1 molar 1 or molar 2, or a total of 3 teeth or more
Dogs with jaw deficiencies: Overshot by 2 mm and more, undershot, level bite in the entire incisor region
Dogs with oversize or undersize by more than 1 cm
White hair colour (also with dark eyes and nails)
Long Straight Topcoat without undercoat