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Ciobanesc German de vanzare
Ciobanesc German de vanzare
Vand caine Ciobanesc German
Vand catei Ciobanesc German

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  Ciobanesc german

Nume alternativ: GSD, German Shepherd,
Deutscher Schaferhund, Caine lup.
Tara de origine: Germania.
Istoric: Ciobanescul german este un descendent al vechilor
caini de ferma si pastorit. O rasa relativ noua, a fost dezvoltata
la inceputul secolului al XX-lea pentru pastorit si pentru a fi folosit
de catre politie si armata. A fost folosit ca ghid si caine de cautare
si salvare, fiind in acelasi timp un caine de companie foarte
popular atat in S.U.A. cat si in restul tarilor.
Descriere fizica: Ciobanescul german este un caine mare,
musculos, mai mult lung decat inalt.
Are urechi ascutite, tinute ridicate; un nas negru si ochi negri
migdalati. Gatul este lung si
puternic, iar spatele este inclinat
dinainte inapoi. Coada este tinuta in jos si este usor curbata in
sus. Blana dubla are un puf scurt si des, si blana dreapta de
lungime medie, dar poate fi si usor ondulata. Parul este mai
lung in zona gatului si a feselor. Blana poate avea mai multe
culori, desi unele registre nu accepta cainii albi.
Inaltime: 55 - 65 cm.
Greutate: 27 - 63 kg.
Temperament: Ciobanescul german este un caine increzator
in puterile proprii si cu un temperament echilibrat. Este afectuos
si jucaus cu prietenii si familia, dar este rezervat cu
strainii, desi se obisnuieste repede cu persoanele necunoscute.
Este inteligent si poate fi dresat foarte bine. Ciobanescul
german se descurca bine cu copiii si cu alte animale.
Nivel de activitate: ridicat.
Cel mai bun stapan: Ciobanescul german se poate adapta
la viata la oras, intr-o casa din
mediul suburban sau rural. Cel
mai bine se descurca cu o familie sau un individ care sa ii poata
oferi activitati fizice din plin.
Nevoi speciale: exercitiu, socializare, dresaj.
Posibile probleme de sanatate: volvulus gastric, epilepsie,
insuficienta pancreatica exocrina, displazie de sold
si de cot, osteomielita.

Interpet's International

Vindem caine de rasa Ciobanesc German
Fotografii Caine Lup german
Fotografii Ciobanesc german
Standard rasa Ciobanesc German

FCI-Standard N°166/23.12.2010/EN

(Deutscher Schäferhund)

TRANSLATION: Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde (SV) E.V. /
Original version: (D).

ORIGIN: Germany.


UTILIZATION: Versatile working, herding and service dog.

FCI-CLASSIFICATION:   Group  1  Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs
(except Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs).
Section  1  Sheepdogs.
With working trial.

Brief historical overview:

According to the official documentation of the Verein für Deutsche
Schäferhunde (SV) e.V. (Society for the German Shepherd Dog,
"SV" for short) legal domicile in Augsburg, Germany, member
of the Verband für das Deutsche Hundewesen (VDH, German Kennel Club)
the "SV" as the founding club of the breed is responsible for the breed
standard of the German Shepherd Dog. Established in the first General
Meeting at Frankfurt/Main on 20 September 1899 according to
suggestions by A. Meyer and Max von Stephanitz and in addition
to the amendments of the 6 th General Meeting on 28 July 1901, the
23 rd General Meeting at Cologne/Rhineland on 17 September 1909,
the Executive Board & Advisory Board Meeting at Wiesbaden on 5
September 1930 and the Breeding Committee & Executive Board
Meeting on 25 March 1961, revisions were resolved within the
framework of the World Union of German Shepherd Dog Clubs
(WUSV) Meeting on 30 August 1976.
Revisions and catalogued measures were resolved with the Enabling
Resolution through the Executive Board and Advisory Board from
23/24 March 1991, amended through the Federal Conventions from
25 May 1997 and 31 May/1 June 2008.

The German Shepherd Dog, whose methodical breeding was
started in 1899 after the foundation of the society, had been
bred from the central German and southern German breeds of
the herding dogs existing at that time with the ultimate objective of
creating a working dog inclined to high achievements. In order to
achieve this objective, the breed standard of the German Shepherd
Dog was determined, which relates to the physical constitution as
well as the traits and characteristics.

General appearance

The German Shepherd Dog is medium-size, slightly elongated,
powerful and well-muscled, with dry bone and firm overall structure.

Important dimensional ratios

The height at the withers amounts to 60 cm to 65 cm for male dogs and
55 cm to 60 cm for female dogs. The trunk length exceeds the dimension
at the height at the withers by about 10 17 %.


The German Shepherd Dog must be well-balanced (with strong nerves)
in terms of character, self-assured, absolutely natural and (except for a
stimulated situation) good-natured as well as attentive and willing to
please. He must possess instinctive behaviour, resilience and
self-assurance in order to be suitable as a companion, guard, protection,
service and herding dog.


The head is wedge-shaped, and in proportion to the body size (length about
40 % at the height at the withers), without being plump or too elongated,
dry in the overall appearance and moderately broad between the ears.

Seen from the front and side, the forehead is only slightly arched and
without any or with only a slightly indicated middle furrow.

The ratio from the cranial region to the facial region is 50 % to 50 %.
The width of the cranial region more or less corresponds to the length
of the cranial region. The cranial region (seen from above) tapers evenly
towards the nasal bridge with gradually sloping, not sharply depicted
stop in the wedge-shaped facial region (foreface) of the head. Upper
and lower jaws are powerfully developed.

The nasal dorsum is straight, any dip or bulge is undesirable. The lips
are taut, close well and are of dark colouring.

The nose must be black.

The teeth must be strong, healthy and complete (42 teeth according
to the dental formula). The German Shepherd Dog has a scissor bite,
i.e. the incisors must interlock like scissors, whereby the incisors of the
upper jaw overlap those of the lower jaw. Occlusal overlay, overbite
and retrusive occlusion as well as
larger spaces between the teeth
(gaps) are faulty. The straight dental ridge of the incisors is also faulty.
jaw bones must be strongly developed so that the teeth can be deeply
embedded in the dental ridge.

The eyes are of medium size, almond-shaped, slightly slanted and not
protruding. The colour of the eyes should be as dark as possible. Light,
piercing eyes are undesirable since they impair the dogs impression.


The German Shepherd Dog has erect ears of medium size, which are
carried upright and aligned (not drawn-in laterally); they are pointed
and with the auricle facing forward.

Tipped ears and drooping ears are faulty. Ears carried rearward
when moving or in relaxed position are not faulty.


The neck should be strong, well-muscled and without loose neck
skin (dewlap). The angulation towards the trunk (horizontal) amounts
to approx. 45 %.


The upper line runs from the base of the neck via the high, long withers
and via the straight back towards
the slightly sloping croup, without
visible interruption. The back is moderately long, firm, strong and
well-muscled. The loin is broad, short, strongly developed and well-muscled.
The croup should be long and
slightly sloping (approx 23° to the horizontal)
and the upper line should merge into the base of the tail
without interruption.

The chest should be moderately broad, the lower chest as long and
pronounced as possible. The depth of
the chest should amount to approx.
45 % to 48 % of the height at the withers.

The ribs should feature a moderate curvature; a barrel-shaped chest
is just as faulty as flat ribs.

The tail extends at least to the hock, but not beyond the middle of
the hind pastern. It has slightly longer hair on the underside and is
carried hanging downward in a gentle curve, whereby in a state of
excitement and in motion it is raised and carried higher, but not
beyond the horizontal. Operative corrections are forbidden.



The forelimbs are straight when seen from all sides, and absolutely
parallel when seen from the front.  

Shoulder blade and upper arm are of equal length, and firmly
attached to the trunk by means of powerful musculature. The
angulation from shoulder blade and upper arm is ideally 90°,
but generally up to 110°.

The elbows may not be turned out either while standing or moving,
and also not pushed in. The forearms are straight when seen from all
sides, and absolutely parallel to each other, dry and firmly muscled.
The pastern has a length of approx. 1/3 of the forearm, and has an
angle of approx. 20° to 22° to the forearm. A slanted pastern (more
than 22°) as well as a steep pastern (less than 20°) impairs the suitability
for work, particularly the stamina.

The paws are rounded, well-closed and arched; the soles are hard,
but not brittle. The nails are strong and
of dark colour.


The position of hind legs is slightly backwards, whereby the hind limbs
are parallel to each other when seen from the rear. Upper leg and lower
leg are of approximately the same length and form an angle of approx.
120°; the legs are strong and well-muscled.

The hocks are strongly developed and firm; the hind pastern stands
vertically under the hock.

The paws are closed, slightly arched; the pads are hard and of dark
colour; the nails are strong, arched and also of dark colour.


The German Shepherd Dog is a trotter. The limbs must be coordinated
in length and angulations so that the dog can shift the hindquarters towards
the trunk without any essential change of the top line and can reach just
as far with the forelimbs. Any tendency towards over-angulation of the
hindquarters reduces the stability and the stamina, and thereby the working
ability. Correct body proportions and angulations results in a gait that is
far-reaching and flat over the ground which conveys the impression of
effortless forward movements. The head pushed forward and the slightly
raised tail result in a consistent, smooth trot showing a gently curved,
uninterrupted upper line from the ear tips over the neck and back to the
end of the tail.


The skin is (loosely) fitting, but without forming any folds.


Hair texture


The German Shepherd Dog is bred in the hair varieties double coat and
long and harsh outer coat both with undercoat.

Double coat:

The guard hair should be as dense as possible, particularly harsh
and close fitting: short on the head, including the inside of the ears,
short on the front side of the legs, paws and toes, some-what longer
and more strongly covered in hair on the neck. On the back side of
the legs the hair extends to the carpal joint or the hock; it forms
moderate trousers on the back side of the haunches.

Long and harsh outer coat:

The guard hair should be long, soft and not close fitting, with tufts
on the ears and legs, bushy trousers and bushy tail with downward
formation of tuft. Short on the head, including the inside of the ears,
on the front side of the legs, on the paws and toes, somewhat longer
and more strongly covered in hair on the neck, almost forming a mane.
On the back side of the legs the hair extends to the carpal joint or the hock and
forms clear trousers on the back side of the haunches.


Colours are black with reddish-brown, brown and yellow to light grey
markings; single-coloured black, grey with darker shading, black saddle
and mask. Unobtrusive, small white marks on chest as well as very light
colour on insides are permissible, but not desirable. The tip of the nose
must be black in all colours.
Dogs with lack of mask, light to piercing eye colour, as well as with
light to whitish markings on the chest and the insides, pale nails and red
tip of tail are considered to be lacking in pigmentation. The undercoat
shows a light greyish tone.  The colour white is not allowed.


Male dogs:
Height at the withers: 60 cm to 65 cm
Weight: 30 kg to 40 kg

Female dogs:
Height at the withers: 55 cm to 60 cm
Weight: 22 kg to 32 kg


Male dogs should have two obviously normally developed testicles
which are completely in the scrotum.


Any deviation from the aforementioned points should be considered
as a fault whose evaluation should be in exact proportion to the
degree of deviation.

Serious faults

Deviations from the above-described breed characteristics which
impair the working capability.

Faulty ears: ears set too low laterally, tipped ears, inward
constricted ears, ears not firm

Considerable pigment deficiencies.

Severely impaired overall stability.

Dental faults:

All deviations from scissor bite and dental formula insofar as it
does not involve eliminating faults (see the following)

Eliminating faults

Dogs with weak character and weak nerves which bite
Dogs with proven “severe hip dysplasia”
Monorchid or cryptorchid dogs as well as dogs with clearly

dissimilar or atrophied testicles
Dogs with disfiguring ears or tail faults

Dogs with malformations
Dogs with dental faults, with lack of: 1 premolar 3 and another tooth,

or 1 canine tooth, or 1 premolar 4, or 1 molar 1 or molar 2, or a total

of 3 teeth or more Dogs with jaw deficiencies: Overshot by 2 mm and more,

undershot, level bite in the entire incisor region Dogs with oversize or

undersize by more than 1 cm

White hair colour (also with dark eyes and nails)
Long Straight Topcoat without undercoat
Long-haired (long, soft guard hair without undercoat,

mostly parted in the middle of the back, tufts on the

ears and legs and on the tail)

Ciobanesc German de vanzare
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